Cause and effect heart attack

Most of us either know of someone who has suffered from a heart attack or have had a heart attack ourselves. It is so common that studies show about 1 million Americans suffer from this each year! Sadly, of that number, about close to half have lost their lives due to this.

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Some may think that this disease is over rated or that this only occurs to obese or unhealthy people some may even think that because they take good care of themselves that they are invincible to this dreadful disease. For those of us who has had experienced either a family member or friend who has had a heart attack – we know better. Let’s talk about “heart attack”.

A heart is a muscle that pumps the blood in and out of all of your blood vessels. When too many of them are constricted or blocked there’s not enough blood flowing through the heart and it stops the heart from beating. Also known as a Myocardial Infarction, this could also be explained as the death of the heart muscle from a blood clot, perhaps, blocks the artery. The arteries supply the heart with blood and oxygen.

The blockage deprives the heart of the needed blood and oxygen and thus causing injury to this muscle, meaning the heart. These injuries cause chest pressure or chest pain. When the blood flow is NOT restored in about 20 – 40 minutes, the heart will slowly cease to function. It takes about 6 to 8 hours for the attack to be complete or for it to end.

The most common cause of heart attack is CAD or coronary artery disease. This is the buildup of plaque on the inner walls of the coronary arteries. Ultimately, a part of that plaque will break open and thus causing a blood clot. If the clot is or becomes large enough to block the blood and oxygen flow through the artery then CAD occurs.

Another cause could be due to problems involving a microscopic vessel of the heart or Microvascular disease. Studies show that this is more common in women than in men.

The least common cause is severe tightening of an artery that cuts off the blood flow through it. One does not have to suffer from CAD for this to happen. Although it is not clear as to what causes the spasms it could be related to exposure to extreme cold, smoking, stress and drugs and narcotics such as cocaine.

The most common symptoms of heart attack is chest pain or chest pressure however there are other symptoms too like: SOB or shortness of breath, nausea, vomiting, sweating heartburn or indigestion, tingling of the arm or numbness of the arm, upper back pain, jaw pain, headache, toothache, and just the overall “not feeling good”.

The prevention of heart attack is as easy as ABC, according to the American Heart Association:

Avoid Tobacco, Be more active and Choose good nutrition.

Just remember whatever the causes or symptoms are, it is good to visit your doctor for wellness check-ups. If your family has a history of heart disease be more pro-active and even if you think you are in good health see your doctor anyway and discuss anything you feel that may be different. The best treatment is catching the disease early on.

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