Causes of diabetes

There are 2 types of diabetes:

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder. A normal body the beta cells found in the pancreas makes insulin.

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Insulin is a hormone that lets the body use the energy taken from food. Patient with type 1 diabetes, their immune system thinks that the beta cells are alien and it is invading the body and starts to attack it. Once the beta cells are ruined or destroyed, diabetes symptoms begin.

Type 2 diabetes is characterized by the beta cells still producing insulin but the cells do not respond normally to the insulin or that the insulin which is produced is not enough for the body’s needs. This type of diabetes could be controlled by changing the patient’s diet, increasing exercise or physical activity and medication.

What causes diabetes? There is no true answer for this. However, the myth that consuming too much sweets is not true. Some believe that diabetes is inherited. Studies show that patients coming from a family with a history of diabetes are 25% more likely to develop diabetes.

Another cause of diabetes is diet. Too much carbs, protein, fats – all of which are harmful to the body, plays a role in the development of diabetes. Too much of these foods does not help make the energy our body needs and thus affects the pancreas from secreting insulin. Because of this the blood sugar level rises and leads to diabetes mellitus.

Still, another cause of diabetes is obesity. Carrying around too much weight than normal is an inspiring factor for type 2 diabetes. Because of the extra weight, extra amount of fat is stored in the body, and thus the insulin does not work normally or properly in the body.

Viral infection could also cause diabetes. Such virus like Coxsackie B may get the pancreas infected and which then would lead to the tearing down or destruction of the beta cells and this affects the release of insulin and increases the blood sugar levels.

And yet, the most common cause of diabetes is age. The older one gets the more the chance increases in developing diabetes. It is believed that this is due to the lack of exercise of physical activity as we get older. Most of us prefer to stay in the comforts of our home rather than going out and exercising.

Emotional stress and poor life style choices plays a role in the cause of diabetes too. The busy and stressed lifestyle affects one’s metabolism which affects the blood sugar level and thus leading to diabetes. People who smoke are more prone to have retinopathy and immobility due to stiffness of the joints. When a patient with diabetes does not stop smoking this could lead to fast deterioration of health and eventual death.

Race plays a role in the cause of diabetes too. Asians American, African American, Native American, Hispanics and Pacific Islanders are at major risk of developing diabetes.

Change your diet, eat healthier, exercise 3 to 4 times a week, avoid smoking and alcohol abuse, watch your diet and help prevent or fight diabetes.

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