Five Components of Physical Fitness

The five components of physical fitness used in health clubs, and schools to assess an individual’s overall physical shape are as follows:

1.
Cardiovascular stamina;
2.
Strength from a muscular standpoint;
3.
Endurance of muscles;
4.
Flexibility
5.
Physical composition of the body

The following article intends to address each of the five components of physical fitness and why each component is so important with regard to the entirety of your physical health.

Many persons will ask why muscle endurance is not enough relative to overall physical fitness and there is a good reason why the other areas need to be considered: If the other areas are not up to par then you as an individual relative to the five components of physical fitness are vulnerable to various diseases associated to the areas of which you are weak. This is why it is a good idea to test iall areas to assure you are viably fit.

One of the five components of physical fitness that certainly needs to be measured is your cardiovascular endurance.

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This is by definition the ability of your heart and lungs to work in cooperation with each other and in an efficient manner. When the heart and lungs work well together the rest of your physical being relative to the five components of physical fitness is receiving oxygen as it should. Ways to keep the cardiovascular system in check is by running, cycling and swimming. There is a test known as the Cooper Test that is used to measure how well you hold out as to cardiovascular endurance.

Another test area relative to the five components of physical fitness is muscular endurance and strength. By definition muscular endurance is how much your muscles can endure when certain trials of strength are presented. A good measure for muscular endurance and relative to the five components of physical health is bench pressing weights. However, usually when muscular endurance is actually tested a simpler routine of push ups is observed.

Flexibility is one of the five components of physical fitness and one that will be tested as it regards your overall fitness. A good way to test the flexibility of an individual is by way of exercises such as stretching and lunges. Many fitness advisors when testing flexibility will use the sit and reach test to measure overall flexibility.

Body composition as it pertains to the five components of physical fitness is an important consideration. A comparison is made with regard to fat mass and lean muscle. In order to perform this analysis the standard is by way of underwater weighing. However that said, this test with respect to the five components of physical fitness is costly to set up. Other tests include readings of skin folds and bioelectrical impedance. If it is found your body is high in fat then a diet that is lower in unhealthy fat and balanced as far as essential nutrients will be the solution. If you are weak as to the component of cardiovascular endurance you’ll need to run or cycle more within your exercise regimen. Persons who relative to the five components of physical fitness are not judged highly flexible will want to try stretching more when engaging in their overall workout routine. And persons who do not score all too well as far as muscle endurance will want to make resistance training with regard to his or her workout an inclusion.

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