New Deal Programs

President Franklin D. Roosevelt of the United States of America brought about the system of New Deal programs during the year 1933, and it was known to be the 3 Rs which included relief to the hurt farmers and the unemployed, reform of financial and business practices, and promoting recovery to get the economy back during the Great Depression.

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The nation was completely distraught due to the Great Depression. That was when President Franklin Roosevelt brought the New Deal programs into existence.

The New Deal Program was a complex package of economic programs. The people distinguished these programs as the first new deal and the second new deal. The First New Deal started in March 1933 dealt with groups such as railroads, banking, farming, and industry. The Second New Deal was launched in 1934-35 to promote the Works Progress Administration relief program, the labour union, new programs, and the Social Security Act to help migrant farmers.
The Supreme Court had ruled most of the programs to be unconstitutional; but most of them were replaced very soon, through the exclusion of the NRA. Post 1936, the Fair Labor Standards Act in 1938 was the lone key legislation. It rested maximum hours of work and minimum wages for larger category of workers.

The New Deal program displayed a major swing in the political and the domestic policies of the U.S., and the long-term changes were increasing the control of the federal government over the money supply and the economy, involvement in the control prices and the agricultural production. It also brought about commencement of growing power of labor unions and complex social power. The effects of the New Deal program are a controversial matter and debated a lot between historians and economists.

President Roosevelt was intensely concerned about the farmer’s issues so he brought the Agricultural Adjustment Act and it formed the Agricultural Adjustment Administration by May 1933. The AAA implemented a system of domestic allotments and had set total output of products such as cotton, corn, hogs, dairy products, tobacco, wheat, and rice. The farmers were authorized to use government aid to benefit their incomes.

The AAA gave the land owners subsidies and asked to leave some of their land untouched with a new tax on food processing and collected funds. But the Supreme Court ruled out the AAA as unconstitutional, saying that a legal plan to control agricultural production is a topic outside the powers given to the federal government.

There were several other programs to curb the effects of the great depression. But the New Deal program fell apart in every way possible. The first reason was absence of a leader like President Roosevelt. The closest person was perhaps Mr. Lyndon Johnson, who purposely tried to revive the old union, but in reality drove its constituents at a distance. During the 1960s, new arguments such as the Vietnam War, civil rights, affirmative action, and large urban violence seemed to tear the union and compel many members away. In the meantime, Republicans made key benefits by promising minor taxes and cut down the crime. So the New Deal program would have been a success had there been someone as challenging as President Franklin D. Roosevelt, someone who could bring improvements in the time of the Great Depression.

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