Signs of infection

Infection is defined as something involving and multiplying of a disease which invades the body tissues by microorganisms which could cause local cellular injury. There are 2 signs of infection that being local and systemic and both could have similar and different symptoms.

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Normally, if the skin is cut or broken there is always a chance for an infection. The skin protects the body from letting these bacteria or infectious organisms from entering our body and a cut, however small, allows these bacteria to enter.

Signs of infection that is distributed or spread throughout the body or, if the presence of pathogenic bacteria or their toxins are in the blood and/or tissue then this is said to be systemic or septicemia. When the infection gets in the bloodstream it could then show up as a cold, strep throat, a virus, the flu or mononucleosis. Other signs of infection which are systemic could be: aches, chills, fever, nausea, vomiting and lack of energy of weakness. So, keep in mind that a systemic infection is one that affects the whole body and is usually found in the blood stream.

A local infection is an infection that is concentrated on one area and the whole body is not affected as in a wound or a cut. The signs of infection that is localized or concentrated on the “spot” or area such as: pain, pus, swelling, redness, foul odor and discharge or drainage, heat and some pulsation on the site and even a local infection could cause fever. Typically, drugs could help treat this local infection such as: Ibuprofen, Tylenol and aspirin. To avoid infection on a cut or wound be sure to clean the site with soap and water, the use of antibacterial topical ointments could help too. Keep the area and site clean. The wound and/or cut also heal faster when left open and not wounded up with band aid. Keep the area dry as much as possible too.
Sometimes, however, a localized infection may lead to something more serious like cellulitis. Cellulitis is a type of bacterial skin infection and this bacteria gets into the skin and spread deeper in the tissue which could then spread to the blood or to the lymph nodes – if not treated, this could cause death.
Any signs of infection of the skin found in the face, especially if found near the eyes, it would be suggested for you to see the doctor – especially in younger children or the elderly and/or someone who has a medical condition – this is because the face offers many openings to which the bacteria could get in to our vital organs. If the infection gets to the eyes it could lead to eye damage or loss of vision. Younger children or the elderly and those who have a medical condition or people with immune diseases are easily affected and infection could worsen quickly with very little warnings or signs of infection.
Luckily for us, infections could be avoided and treated. The best thing to do is to keep the hands clean, wash open wounds or cuts with soap and water, if the cut is not too deep or superficial do not cover it up as it dries faster when not bandaged. If you do need a bandage do not cover the area too tightly and remember not to pick on the scab or sore.

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