The forms of Vitamin D are: D2 natural occurring and D3 which is synthesized in the skin via direct sunlight as well as through the diet by consuming foods rich in this vitamin such as fish liver oils and salt water fish. Sometimes some other foods are fortified with this vitamin as well such as milk.
Vitamin D helps promote normal bone formation and mineralization.
Vitamin D supplements or capsules are used to treat psoriasis, hypoparathyroidism, leukemia as well as breast, colon and prostate cancer, renal osteodystrophy and it could also be efficient for the immunosuppression.
Having symptoms of low vitamin D could cause rickets or softening of the bones in children which could then lead to fractures and deformity. This is one of the most known childhood disease in underdeveloped countries. Having the combination of low Vitamin D intake and lack of calcium easily leads to ricket however this could also affect adults.
Hypocalcemia is another symptoms of low vitamin D. This is the presence of low calcium serum levels in the blood and is also known as an electrolyte disturbance. The blood has calcium in it, almost half, and it is bound to the protein like the serum albumin however it is the unbound calcim that the body works to regulate. With abnormal levels of blood protein then the plasma calcium will be inaccurate – this causes hyperparathyroidism.
Hyperparathyroidism, symptoms of low vitamin D, will increase the absorption, renal conservation and bone mobilization of Ca but it also increases the excretion of the phosphate. With this the Ca serum level could be or may be normal but due to the hypophosphatemia the bone mineralization is affected.
Mostly, vitamin D deficiency is due to the skin’s lack of exposure to sunlight. Foods and sunlight alone cannot keep the body’s need for the vitamin adequate enough.
The most common symptoms of low vitamin D is muscle aches, lack of energy or weakness and bone pain which afflicts anyone at any age. And as mentioned earlier, the most common symptoms of low vitamin D in children is rickets. Rickets will prevent normal growth in a child ages 1 to 4 as well as walking and talking may be slow for these children as well. With infants, symptoms of low vitamin D could affect the development of the infant’s skull as well as affect their ability to crawl and sit on their own.
Adults may be affected with bone malformation or bone pain. Adults may fracture their bones easily and the areas affected may be tender or painful to the touch.
Inadequate exposure to sunlight as well as not enough supplements could contribute to Vitamin D deficiency. Supplements are sometimes not enough. Definitely due to skin cancer scare most people are afraid to expose themselves, and their children, to sunlight. It is important to note that exposing your child to sunlight is important preferably the sunlight in the morning when the heat is not too intense and not blaring. Supplement your Vitamin D intake as well with natural foods filled with Vitamin D however most important is the sunlight – it’s free and it’s easy to get the sunlight!
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