What causes colon cancer

The body’s basic unit is the cells. Cells divide and produce more cells when the body needs it and it is done orderly – this is what keeps us healthy.

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When the cells start to make new cells and form on top of good cells and when it keeps doing it, then a tumor is developed. This tumor could either be benign or malignant. Benign tumors are not cancer. They can be surgically removed and most of the time they do not come back. Malignant tumors are cancer. Cancer cells attack and damage the tissues and the organs near the tumor. As well, these tumors can travel to other parts of the body, metastasize, and they could enter the bloodstream and the lymph nodes

There are many different kinds of cancers, more than a 100, but we are going to concentrate on what causes colon cancer. The colon is part of the digestive system. It is where waste is stored. At the end of the colon is the rectum which is adjacent to the anus – these form a long tube also known as the intestine or the large bowel. A benign tumor could form on the intestine, it’s called a polyp and this could be removed via colonoscopy if this is not removed it could turn to a malignant tumor or cancer. When the cancerous cells travel to adjacent organs or to other parts of the body and forms there, a cure is almost impossible.

Colon – rectal cancer is the 3rd most leading cause of death in males, and 4th in females. But what causes colon cancer? Let’s find out.

Age is a factor and is on the top of our list. But is age what causes colon cancer? No. What this means is that, people by the age of 50 have more instances of developing polyps on the intestine. As we’ve mentioned, if these polyps are not taken care of, a benign tumor could turn into malignant. Having a family history of polyps puts one at greater risk and so screening should be done earlier than usual.

Diabetics are up to 40% more likely to develop this cancer. Insulin dependency is a contributing factor to the cause of colon cancer. Diet high in animal fat has also been found to be a great contributing factor as to what causes colon cancer.

Family medical history, environment, ethnicity all play a role in the cause of colon cancer. If your family history shows any cancer at all that puts you in high risk of developing cancer. Genetics play about 25% in the cause of colon cancer too.

IBD or inflammatory bowel disease increases the risk of developing this colon-rectal cancer. Conditions like Chron’s disease or ulcerative colitis – the longer the patient suffers from this the higher the chances of developing colorectal cancer. Obesity also plays a role in the development of colon cancer due to the unhealthy diet that accompanies obesity.

Poor quality of life or poor physical habits such as lack of exercise, smoking and even alcohol abuse has been said to add to the cause of colon cancer. Be it true or not, overall health of a person plays a major role. At ay rate, environment, genetics, diet – what ever it could be, be sure to get your colon screened at the proper age (ask your physician when you should start the screening). Again, if you have a family history of any type of cancer, be sure that you are checked earlier than the normal age and that you get frequent check-ups. The earlier the diagnosis, the better the outcome in the long run

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