What causes heart disease

Our heart is a muscle that works like a pump. It has 4 valves that control the flow of the blood and it instills that the blood is going the right way.

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The right side of the heart, the atrium and the ventricle, pumps the blood to the lungs via the pulmonary tissues. The lungs give the blood new oxygen and turns it red. This then goes to the left side of the heart and is pumped to the aorta takes it through the body and tissues its needed nutrients and oxygen.

What causes heart disease varies depending on the type but mainly it is due to an obstruction to the blood making the heart either work harder to supply the body with its needed blood oxygen or it could be due to a blockage that stops or obstructs the normal flow of blood through the heart.

While there are many different what causes heart disease, the most common would be atherosclerosis. This means there is damage to the heart due to fatty buildups or plaques in the arteries. Because of the pressure in the arteries this could make the arterial walls thick and stiff which could then restrict the flow of blood through the organs our different organs and tissues. This is often caused by poor diet, lack of exercise, smoking and overweight. Atherosclerosis is the most common form of heart disease.

A most common what causes heart disease is hypertension. Hypertension is also known as high blood pressure. The main cause of hypertension is high cholesterol level. Cholesterol blocks the arteries or causes plaque on the arteries which causes narrowing of the arteries and therefore the blood does not flow through easily.

Another what causes heart disease is arrhythmia or abnormal heart rhythm. Arrhythmia could be congenital or something you are born with. Other causes could be CAD or coronary artery disease, diabetes, smoking, excessive alcohol or caffeine intake, drug abuse, stress, high blood pressure and even some over the counter medication and herbal or natural remedies.

Cardiomyopathy is the thickening of the heart muscle or enlargement of the heart muscle. The 3 types of cardiomyopathy are: dilated cardiomyopathy – most common. This is when the heart’s main pump, the left ventricle, is enlarged and the ability to pump is not as effective and thus the blood does not flow easily. Hypertrophic – abnormal growth of the heart muscle which affects the heart’s main pumping chamber. The heart stiffens and the size of the pumping chamber shrinks which then leads to the heart’s inability to pump the blood to the body. Restrictive is when the heart muscle stiffens and is less elastic and therefore restricts its ability to expand to fill it with blood between heartbeats. This is the least common disease and no one really knows the reason for this on-set.

Although there are many what causes heart disease the main cause is poor health. Heart disease could be prevented by choices made in our lives pertaining to our health. Walking or exercising 3 to 4 times a week would help a lot as well as changing your diet and eating more green and leafy vegetables as well as fresh fruits. Avoid smoking and drug abuse not only does this affect your heart but it also makes you look older. Go to your doctor for routine wellness check-ups as remember, early diagnosis makes for better prognosis.

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